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关于泰国

泰国旧名暹罗,位于亚洲东南部,邻国有柬埔寨、老挝、缅甸和马来西亚。泰国西部为安达曼海,东部与南部则是暹罗湾,沿海地区及海岛有丰富的海洋生态。

History

Thailand was heavily influenced by the culture and religions of India, starting with the Kingdom of Funan from around the 1st century CE to the Khmer Empire. Thailand in its earliest days was under the rule of the Khmer Empire, which had strong Hindu roots, and the influence among Thais remains even today.

After the fall of the Khmer Empire in the 13th century, states established by the Tai peoples, Mons, Khmers, Chams and Ethnic Malays, began to flourish in the area. Before the 12th century, the first Siamese state is considered to be the Buddhist Sukhothai Kingdom, founded in 1238. Following the decline and fall of the Khmer empire in the 13th–15th century, the Buddhist Tai kingdoms of Sukhothai, Lanna, and Lan Xang (now Laos) were on the rise. However, a century later, the power of Sukhothai was overshadowed by the new Kingdom of Ayutthaya, established in the mid-14th century in the lower Chao Phraya River. After the fall of Ayutthaya in 1767 to the Burmese, the capital moved to Thonburi for 15 years. The current Rattanakosin era of Thai history began in 1782 following the establishment of Bangkok as capital of the Chakri dynasty under King Rama I the Great.

Thailand is the only Southeast Asian nation to never have been colonised. In 1896, Britain and France guaranteed of the Chao Phraya valley as their buffer state, while the remaining parts of Southeast Asia were colonised by the west. 

In 1939, the name of the kingdom was changed to "Thailand".

货币

泰国的通用货币为泰铢(THB)。

语言

官方语言为泰语,但游客密集的地区亦普遍使用英语。

文化与宗教
泰国文化受印度、老挝、缅甸、柬埔寨和中国的影响。小乘佛教是泰国的重要信仰,94.6%的人口信奉小乘佛教。4.9%的泰国人则信仰这里第二盛行的伊斯兰教。